A narrative is a story featured in a format such as television, a novel, a short story, etc. that describes a series of events, whether they are fictional or not.
Informational or expository text simply features information.
Narrative vs Informational writing:
Informational/Expository Texts do the following:
Source: Glencoe and McGraw-Hill. Grammar and Composition Handbook. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-HIll, 2000
You can view a more complete list of narrative/literary techniques at this site:
Figurative Language - language that is used to represent something other than the literal meaning. Uses "figures of speech." (" You think that I am made of money")
Some examples of figurative language include:
Similies - they use the words "like" and "as" to compare one thing with another (e.g. as hungry as a horse, like a bat out of Hell)
Metaphors - describe one or more things as something else. Particularly common in poetry. (e.g. Although he was confident at first, Heath was nothing more than a mouse when he walked up on stage to give his speech.)
Personification - Gives human characteristics to non-human objects. (e.g. The stars in the night sky watched over me.)
Symbolism - In which one thing stands for another thing that is more abstract (e.g. a cross is a symbol for Christianity; a run-down building or leafless trees could symbole aging)
Allegory or Parable - A story that has a second meaning within itself (e.g. Jesus' parable of the sower was a symbol for God scattering his elect among the rest of the population)
Sensory Language is language that refers to the stimulation of the five senses in writing.
Sight - The fur of golden retriever shone in the bright sunlight. In this sentence, the reader imagines the sight of the golden retriever's shiny fur.
Sound - Jerry's car came to a screeching halt at the stop sign. The reader can almost hear the car screech.
Feeling - The throbbing pain in Dain's arm made it difficult for him to do any writing. The reader can almost feel the pain that Dain feels.
Taste - Carolina savored the creamy butterscotch malt. The reader can almost taste the malt.
Smell - The horrendous stench of the pig processing plant is a good reason for people to go vegan. In this sentence, one can imagine how horrible the stench of the processing plant must be.
Can you create a few sentences using figurative or sensory language?
Here are a few outside sources.
Advanced Narrative Activities for Reluctant Writers
Gameaquarium - Online Figurative Language Games
In this lesson, you have learned that:
Source: see above sections for sources